As part of our efforts to bring greater understanding of what we do and why, here's a short history of probation and pretrial services:
1966 — In light of the presumption of innocence, the Bail Reform Act of 1966 created a mandate for release on the least restrictive means to ensure the defendant's appearance and made this legal principle more tangible. It was also established to bring greater equality to those who couldn't afford bail.
1974 — The Speedy Trial Act permitted the creation of 10 "demonstration" pretrial services agencies that were responsible for investigations and supervision. They served as experimental entities charged with enhancing the rate of defendants' appearance and protecting the community.
1982 — The Federal Pretrial Services Act permitted the national expansion of the 10 "demonstration" pretrial services agencies to every judicial district.